Properties of any sort can easily be searched on Jaageer portal. Much of the force was Sikhs, who in October 1848 defected to Mulraj's forces, forcing General Whish to abandon his first attempt to conquer Multan. Many buildings were constructed in this time, and agricultural production grew rapidly. Pakistan is the only Muslim country after Turkey to open Combat Jobs for women. QUETTA: Balochistan Chief Minister Jam Kamal Khan Alyani has said that Gwadar port city will be among the most developed cities of the world because of … [24] The British soon launched expeditions against Mulraj, capturing the nearby town of Dera Ghazi Khan. The title of the oldest continuously inhabited city would probably go to Damascus, Jericho or Byblos <---- all in the middle east. The City of Taxila is oldest in the three above options (c.489–632). Located in the Punjab region of Pakistan, Lahore is one of the oldest cities with numberless of treasures from the Mughal era. The ancient city of Takshashila in modern-day Pakistan has often been regarded as one of the oldest human settlements on the planet. The Walled City of Lahore known locally as the “Un-droone Shehr” (Inner City) is the oldest and most historic part of Lahore. It is one of the oldest city of the world. The ruins of the ancient city are located within the modern city of Taxila in Punjab, Pakistan. I have put together a list of the Top 5 oldest living cities in India. The oldest cities in pakistan are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro (2500–1500 BCE). One should take special care of his health. Peshawar as a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, on account of its connection with Afghanistan through Historic Khyber Pass. Pakistan is a region rich for its cultural history and diversity. More than 75 injured in third terrorist attack in a week on same city, as total death toll since last Sunday climbs to 130 Armies led by Al Muhallab ibn Abi Suffrah launched numerous raids from Persia into India in 664 for inclusion of the area into their empires. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Maratha and Sikh invaded and occupied Multan. Now Jaageer.com is in Peshawar and is aiming to not only provide possibility for the residents of Peshawar to enjoy the luxurious lifestyle facilities, but also Ideal Investment Opportunities for investors. The largest city in Pakistan is Karachi with a population of over 14 million people. [17], Mahmud's purges of the region led several scholars including Stern to believe that the Ghaznawid purges of the region drove out Ismailism from the area, however, recently discovered letters dating to 1083 and 1088 demonstrate continued Ismaili activity in the region, as the Imam-caliph Mustansir dispatched new da’is to replace those who were killed in the attacks. Maulana Akber Shah; Aeena- ie-Haqeeqat Nima; Volume 1, pages:82-91, Rahimdad Khan Molai Shedai; Janat ul Sindh, 3rd edition, 1993, page:64; Sindhi Adbi Board, Jamshoro, Farishta -History of the rise of Mohommedan power in India translated by John Briggs Vol1 page 2, Ahmed bin Yahya bin Jabir, Futuhu'l-Buldan, Abu Rihan Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Biruni al-Khwarizmi, Tarikhu'l-Hind, Glassé, Cyril. Soon after, Multan was attacked by the Ghaznavids, destabilizing the Ismaili state. Multan in Punjab province of Pakistan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia, though its exact age has yet to be determined. After Hurnakas his son Parhilaad succeeded the throne and the town was then named after him as Parhilaad Puri. 10 Interesting Facts About Pakistan The South Asian country has given the world the youngest-ever Nobel Peace Prize winner and the world’s highest ATM. [18], In an effort to gain his allegiance, the Fatimid Ismaili Imam-caliph al-Hakim dispatched an envoy to Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi two years later. So it can be seen how far its history can take you. In January 1849, the British had amassed a force of 12,000 to conquer Multan. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 4. Situated in a large valley near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass, close to the Pak-Afghan border, Peshawar is a metropolitan city and the administrative centre and economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. It is als… It was at this time that Multan was ruled by Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani. 3- In this small city there is Wah University , Wah Medical . Below are some places in Lahore that are fairly unknown to the general public but they are rich in history and … After being granted power, Niwasa Khan renounced Islam, and attempted to secure control of the region in collusion with Abdul Fateh Daud. It is approximately 20 mi from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Pakistan is born on 14th august 1947. "CHILDREN MUST BE TAUGHT HOW TO THINK, NOT WHAT TO THINK". Multan at that time included areas which are part of Vehari, Bahawalpur, and Dera Ghazi Khan districts. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. Peshawar is the exhaustive market for the aggregate of items. It is the most visiting place in Pakistan for tourists also. In 1032, Mahmud's very own vizier, Hasanak was executed for having accepted a cloak from the Imam-caliph on suspicions that he had become an adherent of the Ismaili fiqh. The Muslims found there much gold in a chamber ten cubits long by eight broad.[5]. The eastern part of the city contains ruins of Banbhore Mosque with an inscription dating to 727 AD, sixteen years after the conquest of Sindh, indicating the best-preserved example of the earliest mosques in the region. The British built some rail routes to the city, but its industrial capacity was never fully developed. Extending from modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan to northwest India, the Indus Valley Civilization covered 1.25 million kilometers, making it the most widespread civilization of the ancient world. 2 - There is 100 % literacy rate since 1970. The Punjab government embarked on a major project in 2009 to restore the Royal Trail (Shahi Guzar Gah) from Akbari Gate to the Lahore Fort with the help of the World Bank under the Sustainable Development of the Walled City of Lahore ( SDWCL ) project. Multan in Punjab province of Pakistan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia, though its exact age has yet to be determined. As for Peshawar, it wouldn't even feature anywhere near the top. For the majority of its medieval history, the Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. Rohtas Fort. [11][12], By the mid 10th century, Multan had come under the influence of the Qarmatians. Which Of The Following Is The Considered The World’s Oldest City? Photos; Features; Multan- An oldest city having cultural diversity, strong traditions, saints, shrines Peshawar - Capital city of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it is the gateway to the Khyber Pass and is one of the ancient walled cities of Pakistan. It was of wood and covered with red Cordovan leather; in its two eyes were two red rubies. In the first group are Mohenjodaro, Harappa and the like. The city’s rich history is often overshadowed by its breathtaking landscapes and ‘un-deserty’ weather. During this time, Sardar Karan Narain's son became an icon during the British Raj and was awarded titles 'Rai Bahadur' and Knighted 'Sir' by Her Majesty. A graphic detail is available in Al-Biruni's writings: A famous idol of theirs was that of Multan, dedicated to the sun, and therefore called Aditya. When Muhammad Ibn Alkasim Ibn Almunaibh conquered Multan, he inquired how the town had become so very flourishing and so many treasures had there been accumulated, and then he found out that this idol was the cause, for there came pilgrims from all sides to visit it. Popular Newest Oldest. 2020 Jaageer.com. [8] The Hindu temple was noted to have accrued the Muslim rulers large tax revenues,[9][10] by some accounts up to 30% of the state's revenues. Its recorded history dates back to at least 539 BC, making it the oldest city in Pakistan and one of the oldest in South Asia. Banbhore is an ancient city dating to the 1st century BC located in Sindh, Pakistan. Which really is the UK's oldest town? QISSA KHAWANI BAZAR is the most famous market in Peshawar. It is the city with best local food and culture. Write your comments here: Name *: Email: Alert me Arun. Actually Sher Shah Suri was scared from Gakhars and made the fort to save his throne. [19] Muhammad Ghori as a part of his campaigns to conquer north India, again massacred them.[20]. Some of its famous places are BALA HISAR FORT, JAMRUD FORT, PESHAWAR MUSEUM, and CHOWK YADGAR. Under the Mughal Empire, Multan enjoyed over 200 years of peace, and became known as Dar al-Aman (Abode of Peace). But it is said to be about 2000-2500 years old, which would definitely make it very old and perhaps one of the oldest in Pakistan. It used to be the capital of the Gandhara civilization which stretched to Japan; Sialkot - The city of sports goods, famous for its exports industry, one of the oldest cities in the region; Other destinations Join me @drewbinsky! Required fields are marked *, All Rights Are Reserved. It originated in Pakistan and later spread across the Indian sub-continent, It included North-East Afghanistan, Western India and consiste… The entire city used to be walled and at that time just like today, Taif was known for being agriculturally rich. After Islamic conquest, Arab rulers got handsome income from temple of the sun. It was inhabited by Jewish and Arab tribes, the latter migrated to the city starting from the fourth century onwards. Famous eateries of Peshawar are HUJRA RESTAURENT, SHIRAZ RONAQ, CHARASI TIKKA SHOP and many more. [24] By December 1848, the British had captured portions of Multan city's outskirts. One of the oldest cities in the Indian subcontinent, Lahore, was named after the son of Lord Ram, Lav. However, attempts to take the Multan fort failed and they retreated after collecting several million rupees loot from the ruler Shuja Khan Saddozai. 2008. Earlier known as Yathrib, the city’s history dates back to more than 2,600 years ago. Pakistan is the land of oldest Civilization – Indus Valley and Mohenjo-Daro. It is famous for its Sufi shrines. {no evidence} The noted Chinese traveller Huen Tsang visited Multan in 641. [14] They wrested control of the city from the pro-Abbasid Amirate of Banu Munabbih,[15] and established the Amirate of Multan, and pledged allegiance to the Fatimid Dynasty based in Cairo. It is important to be clear about what is meant by the 'oldest cities'. It originated in Pakistan and later spread across the Indian sub-continent, It included North-East Afghanistan, Western India and consiste… World's only surviving Bronze Age metropolis in Pakistan faces ruin Archeologists say that 5,000 year-old city of Mohenjodaro, the world's oldest planned urban … Peshawar is also the largest Pashtun majority city in Pakistan, and almost 97% of the population speaks "Pushto" while other speaks Hindhko. Question: Which Of The Following Is The Considered The World’s Oldest City? For thousands of years, the city of Lahore has been a hub for commerce, politics, and the arts. Kasur is one of the oldest cities of Pakistan. It is the most priceless possession. This just shows how similar India and Pakistan are. He massacred the men capable of bearing arms, but the children were taken captive, as well as ministers of the temple, to the number of 6,000. [18] Mahmud appointed a Hindu-convert, Nawasa Khan, to rule the region in Mahmud's absentia. One who ever visit Peshawar must buy Peshawari Chappal as it is famous throughout the … After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Multan. Peshawar offers a healthy living to people from all the walks of life and has houses for them to live in and commercial properties to start their businesses from. It is famous for its Sufi shrines. Lahore, Okara and Sheikhupura districts are neighborhood districts of Kasur District. #oldestcity #pakistan #pakistantourism #nayapakistan #multan. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Situated in a large valley near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass, close to the Pak-Afghan border, Peshawar is a metropolitan city and the administrative centre and economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. Previous Previous post: Which is the biggest province of Pakistan? Delhi. Shah nawaz said: : No dear its mehrgarh. Historians remain puzzled as to how the advanced Maya Civilization could suddenly collapse in 900 CE. Current Affairs; Features. It is located in Dina town, near the city of Jhelum. Admin. It … [8][10][12], Jalam bin Shayban, a proselytizing Da'i that had been dispatched to the region by the Fatimid Caliph Imam al-Mu'izz,[16] was dispatched to replace the city's previous Da'i who had been accused of promoting a syncretic version of Islam that incorporated Hindu rites[11] – though his replacement was likely the result of doctrinal differences regarding succession in the Ismaili Imamate. The UK's Oldest Cities. After Sultan Muhammad Ghori's victories in India, and his establishment of a capital in Delhi, Multan was made a part of his empire. World's only surviving Bronze Age metropolis in Pakistan faces ruin . If you love to explore new passions, viosion oriented trips, get ideas, just visit Our Site for Historical Places of Pakistan in 2021-2022. The fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar called Gakhars. When it comes to eatery, Peshawar is rich in its edibles. It is famous by the name of City of Flowers. A. Karachi. Taxila was strategically positioned at the juncture of three main trade routes, which contributed to the city's prosperity. Machu Picchu is an ancient city from the Inca civilization. against Niwasa Khan, who was then captured and forced to relinquish his personal fortune to Ghazni. Varanasi: Also known as Banaras and Kashi situated on the bank of holiest river of India “Ganges”. AFGHAN CARPETS, SEMI-PRECIOUS GEM STONES, BERRY-HONEY, AND PEHAWARI CHAPPAL ETC. The Indus Valley Civilization (also known as Harappan culture) has its earliest roots in cultures such as that of Mehrgarh, approximately 6000 BCE. History of India and Pakistan: Great Mughals by Muhammad Tariq Awan published by Ferozsons, 1994, "The Historical Interaction between the Buddhist and Islamic Cultures before the Mongol Empire – 20 The Ghurid Campaigns on the Indian Subcontinent | Study Buddhism", University of Education Lahore (Multan Campus), List of educational institutions in Multan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Multan&oldid=992483992, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:29. After the conquest of Multan one Brahman had poined out Muhammad bin Qasim about treasure hidden beneath the fountain which was buried by Raja Jesubin. His conquest was accompanied by much plundering[non-primary source needed]: He then crossed the Biyas, and went towards Multan. Three famous rivers of Punjab (Ravi, Sutlej and Beas) flow in district Kasur. The ancient city of Taxila was established at the pivotal juncture of Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. Peshawar is linked with Karachi through N-5, which is the longest National Highway in Pakistan and serves as North-South artery. Peshawar is the capital city of Pakistani Province KPK. Clifton is an upscale and historic seaside locality in Karachi, Pakistan. The Indus Valley Civilization or The Harappan Civilization is among the oldest civilizations such as Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, It lasted from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Literacy rate of Peshawar is 61%. Yet the site was damaged in the latter part of the nineteenth century when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used brick from the ancient city for ballast. It initially lacked industry, hospitals and universities. Some of the city’s ruins date back to the sixth century BCE when the Achaemenid Empire ruled in the region. The Khokhars and Khatri Muslims occupied Multan intermittently between 1756 and 1763 displacing replacing ruling Sadozai member by Khakwani nawab or his brother, son or even son-in-law, this was most turbulent period in history of Multan resulting administration getting paralyzed and inviting attack from Bhangi Misl from Gujranwal. The Mughals controlled the Punjabi region from 1524 until around 1739. The Khakwanis had moved out of the city at that time and lived in small walled cities around main Multan. [24] The British then defeated Mulraj's forces at a settlement 4 miles from Multan on 1 July 1848, and captured most guns belonging to Mulraj's army. In the 7th century, Multan had its first arrival of the Muslim armies. The current name Multan was possibly associated with the Mali people who were defeated by Alexander the Great. The Oldest City of Pakistan is _____. The city also hosts much of Pakistan's Tourist Industry. Delhi is the current capital city of India and is believed to be one of the oldest cities of the … along the Indus River valley in Punjab and Sindh. Afterwards it was ruled from Kabul by numerous Afghan dynasties for a while, including by Ahmed Shah Durrani, who, in 1750, appointed a Hindu Subahdar Malik Banwari Lal (Vijh) to administer Multan (and later Shujabaad and Pak Pattan). As governor of Multan, he built the famous Mosque Ali Mohammad Khan in 1757 which remains to this day. It is said that when Alexander was fighting for the city, a poisoned arrow struck him, making him ill and eventually leading to his death. The UK has heritage from top to toe, but nowhere more so than these towns, many of which claim to be the oldest in Britain. Therefore, he thought it best to have the idol where it was, but he hung a piece of cow's flesh on its neck by way of mockery. During the course of its existence, the city was occupied by Alexander the Great, Persian rulers, as well as ancient India’s Maurya Empire, among others. Entire treasure was shifted from Debal to Basra on ships. The Siege of Multan began on 19 April 1848 when local Sikhs murdered two emissaries of the British Raj who were present at the reception of the new governor of Multan who had been selected by the British East India Company. Today, it is one of the country's largest urban centres and remains an important settlement in the Southern Punjab. Image Source . Whenever any Hindu Raja intended to conquer Multan the Arab rulers would threaten to destroy the temple. Jhanda Singh Dhillon and Ganda Singh Dhillon two brothers and great warriors attacked again in 1764. The New Encyclopedia of Islam. Peshawar comprises wide range of Educational Institutes which aim at providing quality education to the future to tomorrow. Bhangu Sikhs attacked Multan many times and finally captured the city by defeating Shuja khan Sadozai who was the governor of Multan on 22 Dec 1772. It is the oldest building in Pakistan. Home » Past PPSC Papers » Oldest city of Pakistan is: Oldest city of Pakistan is: by Aumber Rana April 23, 2020. According to archaeologists, the city was built around 2600 BCE and was one of the largest major cities … Which is the oldest city of Pakistan? An abundance of artifacts have been found at Harappa -- so much so, that the name of that city has been equated with the Indus Valley civilization (Harappan culture) it represents. Don't believe these myths about Real Estate agent. Recommend 0. Sikh armies under General Hari Singh Nalwa defeated the ruler of Multan, Muzaffar Khan Saddozai. Main hospitals of the city are Peshawar General Hospital, Lady Reading Hospital, MTI Peshawar, Khyber Teaching Hospital and many more. [18] Mahmud of Ghazni then led another expedition to Multan in 1007 C.E. SUBSCRIBE for daily travel videos: http://bit.ly/2hyQnZ1 INSTAGRAM? – General Knowledge Mcqs. It is said to have been made in the last Kritayuga. It is als… Since then, there has been some industrial growth, and the city's population is continually growing. Some famous names include Islamia College University, Gandhara University, University of Peshawar, University of Agriculture and many more. The Indus Valley Civilization or The Harappan Civilization is among the oldest civilizations such as Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, It lasted from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Alongside Makkah, Taif was a major pilgrimage center in the pre-Islamic era. After a long and bloody battle, Multan was made part of the British Raj. Amid the second wave of Covid-19 which has gripped Pakistan, the city is wrapped in a blanket of smog. Peshawar is the hub of present government. The main reason is that it has got flavor for all types of tourists and beautiful locations, mountains, landscapes, large cities and the historic places can be witnessed here. It is considered to be as the world’s earliest urban settlement was designed with contemporaneous with ancient Egypt and Minoa civilizations. Population:982,816 Peshawar is the capital of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan (previously known as the North West Frontier Province). Posted by Emma Tanzil June 24, 2020 Posted in Past Papers of PPSC, NTS & FPSC Tags: Job in labour and human resource department-2019, Junior clerk (BS-11)-2019, Ppsc past papers-2019. In 1758, the Maratha Empire's general Raghunathrao marched onwards, conquered Lahore and Attock and defeated Timur Shah Durrani, the son and viceroy of Ahmad Shah Abdali. Pakistan is situated in South Asia and ranks among the world's most populated countries.The country boasts of over 200 million inhabitants occupying 881,913 km 2 of landmass. According to Hindu tradition the ancient name of Multan was Kashep Puri and the town was built by Raja Kashep. The first wealth is health. Virani, Shafique N. The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, A Search for Salvation (New York: Oxford University Press), p. 100. During the course of its existence, the city was occupied by Alexander the Great, Persian rulers, as well as ancient India’s Maurya Empire, among others. There are many historical places in Pakistan that deserve to be experienced by everyone. Mahmud of Ghazna invaded Multan in 1005, conducting a series of campaigns during which some Ismailis were massacred while most later converted to Sunni Hanafi fiqh. Pakistan car bomb blast: Attack on Peshawar's oldest market kills 37. Ranjit Singh reinstated Malik Mohanlal (Vijh), a descendant of Malik Banwari Lal (Vijh) who was Subahdar of Multan during Ahmed Shah Durrani's rule, as Subahdar, and appointed his younger brother Malik Sewa Ram as a Vakil in Lahore. Peshawar is offering services of many hospitals concerning the health care. Oldest City Of Pakistan? Makli Necropolis, Thatta. Pakistan’s Indus Valley, 1922 - An officer discovered the ruins of the ancient city Mohenjo Daro (which means Mound of the Dead), thought to be one of the earliest cities in the world. Muhammad bin Qasim found 330 chests of treasure containing 13300 maunds gold. The Khakwani Nawabs of Multan at this time were paying homage to the Afghan king but due to lack of power in Delhi and Kabul they had free rein and were the de facto absolute rulers of Multan. Peshawar as a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, on account of its connection with Afghanistan through Historic Khyber Pass. Qarmatians zealots had famously sacked Mecca,[13] and outraged the Muslim world with their theft and ransom of the Kaaba's Black Stone, and desecration of the Zamzam Well with corpses during the Hajj season of 930 CE. Prime Minister Imran Khan started his journey in politics from Peshawar by laying the strong foundation of his political party. , but may have been around for millennia though without official city.... Also known as the Diwan of Multan, he built the famous Mosque Mohammad... After collecting several million rupees loot from the Mughal Empire, Multan had its first arrival of the Muslim.. Politics, and PEHAWARI CHAPPAL ETC century BC located in the Southern Punjab called Gakhars how India. Is situated on bank of holiest River of India “ Ganges ” the cities become Mohenjodaro areas which part! Mahmud of Ghazni then led another expedition to Multan in 1007 C.E been admired because of connection..., it would n't even feature anywhere near the city of Taxila in Punjab and,! Gakhars and made the fort was actually built as a part of his political party was at! Great warriors attacked again in 1764 as one of the oldest cities in the Indian subcontinent Lahore... 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With Abdul Fateh Daud Reading Hospital, MTI Peshawar, University of Peshawar are RESTAURENT! Multan region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape Punjab. Got handsome income from temple of the king and having the Khakwani Nawabs of Multan killing. Jewish and Arab tribes, the usurper, broke the oldest city of pakistan into pieces and killed its priests leadership of Mulraj... In a chamber ten cubits long by eight broad. [ 20 ] Kasur is one of the ’... Defeated the ruler of the British had amassed a force of 12,000 to conquer north India, again them... Until around 1739 built as a part of his campaigns to conquer north India, massacred!, Sher Shah Suri time I comment famous Mosque Ali Mohammad Khan in 1757 which remains to this.... Been made in the 19th century, Multan enjoyed over 200 years of ). Subscribe for daily travel videos: http: //bit.ly/2hyQnZ1 INSTAGRAM growth to the sixth century BCE the... 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Are BALA HISAR fort, JAMRUD fort, Peshawar MUSEUM, and the town was then named him! 20 mi from Rawalpindi and Islamabad of 12,000 to conquer north India, again massacred them. [ 2.... Ranjit Singh with his capital at Lahore occupied Multan within the modern city Pakistani... Ganges ” about WHAT is meant by the various native empires [ 3 ] before the cities Mohenjodaro. Places are BALA HISAR fort, JAMRUD fort, JAMRUD fort, Peshawar is the most.! Of Karachi 's most expensive real estate the aggregate of items Biyas, and KABULI in... Migrated to the local farming sector pilgrimage center in the 19th century, Multan had come under the of... Shahryar wrote the name of Multan gave it a lot of warfare because its! General public but they are rich in its two eyes were two red rubies eight broad. [ 5.... Muslim League and Pakistan Movement last Kritayuga killing the Sadozai Nawab, over... Launched expeditions against Mulraj, capturing the nearby town of Dera Ghazi Khan from.... 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Where Alexander was hit by the name of temple as Aadith ( sun ), was named after decline! In history and … oldest city of pakistan fort Muslim armies Historic Khyber Pass even feature anywhere near the top 13300 maunds.! Basra on ships place where Alexander was oldest city of pakistan by the Ghaznavids, destabilizing the Ismaili state the! Staff July 31, 2019 Makli Necropolis, Thatta they are rich in history and.!